# What factors affect oxygen consumption?

## What factors affect oxygen consumption?

Factors affecting oxygen consumption 14

Factors that increase VO2 Factors that decrease VO2
Trauma (including surgery and burns) Hypovolaemia/shock states
Inflammation/sepsis/pyrexia Mechanical ventilation
Shivering Hypothermia
Pain

What determines oxygen consumption?

Determinants of Maximal Oxygen Consumption. In essence there are three major factors determining maximal oxygen consumption: The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood (determined by hemoglobin in red blood cells) The amount of exercising skeletal muscle and the ability of muscle to utilize supplied oxygen.

What three variables can be used to calculate oxygen consumption?

The oxygen uptake, heart rate, speed and/or watts are measured at the ventilatory threshold and at maximal load, the latter would be the subject’s VO2 max.

### What limits maximum oxygen consumption?

Maximal cardiac output has long been considered the major factor limiting maximal oxygen uptake; numerous studies have demonstrated a linear relation between cardiac output and oxygen uptake during exercise. The rate of increase in cardiac output is commonly judged to be roughly 6 L per 1 L increase in oxygen uptake.

What is normal oxygen consumption?

With a normal O2 consumption of approximately 250 ml/min and cardiac output of 5000 ml/min the normal arteriovenous difference is calculated to be about 5 ml O2/dl blood. The normal extraction ratio is approximately 25%, thus the body normally consumes only ~25% of the O2 carried on hemoglobin.

How much oxygen do we breathe per day in KG?

In all, this process produces around 2 kilograms of oxygen per day. According to NASA, the average person needs around 0.84 kilograms of oxygen per day to survive and the International Space Station typically has three astronauts aboard at any given time.

#### What is normal oxygen consumption at rest?

In epidemiological studies, estimation of total energy expenditure can only be carried out from using metabolic equivalent (MET) units calculated physical activity questionnaires, where 1 MET is generally assumed to be 3.5 ml/min/kg resting oxygen consumption (VO2 resting).

What is the normal range for oxygen consumption?

Results: The human lung consumes about 5-6 ml oxygen per minute at an esophageal temperature of 28 degrees C.

How do you calculate relative oxygen consumption?

To determine oxygen consumption in L/min, bodyweight must first be converted to kilograms (kg). To do this, divide bodyweight in pounds by 2.2. Suppose that the 35-year-old male in the earlier example weighed 198 pounds. His bodyweight would be equal to 90 kilograms (198 lb divided by 2.2 lb/kg = 90 kg).

## What is a good VO2 max for my age?

Maximal oxygen uptake norms for men (ml/kg/min)

rating 18-25 46-55 Age (years) excellent > 60 > 45 good 52-60 39-45 above average 47-51 36-38

What is the difference between oxygen delivery and oxygen consumption?

Oxygen delivery is formally calculated using the degree of hemoglobin (Hb) oxygen saturation, and dissolved O2 content in arterial blood and cardiac output (CO). The oxygen consumption (VO2) is a composite estimate of global oxygen utilization.

How much kg of oxygen does a human need per day?

According to NASA, the average person needs around 0.84 kilograms of oxygen per day to survive and the International Space Station typically has three astronauts aboard at any given time.