What factors helped bring an end to the long drive?

What factors helped bring an end to the long drive?

The romantic era of the long drive and the cowboy came to an end when two harsh winters in 1885-1886 and 1886-1887, followed by two dry summers, killed 80 to 90 percent of the cattle on the Plains. As a result, corporate-owned ranches replaced individually owned ranches.

How did the transcontinental railroad open up the West for settlement?

The transcontinental railroad opened up the West for settlement by making it easier and faster (6 months to 6 days) to travel to the west. The Chinese and Irish built the railroad. How did the government encourage western settlement? The government encourage western settlement by the passing of the Homestead Act.

How did the federal government attempt to settle and control the West quizlet?

How did the federal government attempt to settle and control the West? a. Forcing Native Americans onto reservations and urging them to create farming communities. Building military forts in areas where white settlers and Native Americans might come into contact.

What invention ended the nomadic lifestyle of Native Americans?

Every year, cattle owners led their herds to slaughter houses unhindered by wire fencing. Barbed wire limited the open range and in turn limited the freedom of ranchers and cowboys. Barbed wire had a major impact on the many settlers and nomadic Native Americans living in the west.

Why did Longhorns survive the Great Plains?

There was a abundance and the north needed cattle. Why were longhorns able to survive the Great Plains? They could survive the harsh climate. The open range provided room for the cattle to graze.

What factors allowed cow towns to spread across West?

The railroads gave ranchers easy access to large cities and cattle could be shipped more easily. How did the cattle boom lead to economic prosperity for many new towns in the West? Ranchers made large profit and railroad men spent their money in cowtowns.

Who most benefited financially from the transcontinental railroad?

The entire United States
The entire United States benefited financially from the joining of two railroads to form one transcontinental railroad.

What industry was most affected by the refrigerated railcar?

Answer: The meatpacking industry was most affected by the ‘refrigerated rail car’. Explanation: The railroads were used by the ranchers to deliver a large quantity of raw meat to the different processing plants in different parts of the country.

How did the federal government attempt to settle and control the West?

The Federal government responded with measures (Homestead Act, transcontinental railroad) and military campaigns designed to encourage settlement, solidify Union control of the trans-Mississippi West, and further marginalize the physical and cultural presence of tribes native to the West.

How did farmers try and address their problems quizlet?

How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances? Several organized groups of farmers were formed including the Grange and Farmer’s Alliances. The Grange was to provide a social outlet and an educational forum for isolated farm families.

Why Native Americans are called Indians?

American Indians – Native Americans The term “Indian,” in reference to the original inhabitants of the American continent, is said to derive from Christopher Columbus, a 15th century boat-person. Some say he used the term because he was convinced he had arrived in “the Indies” (Asia), his intended destination.