Table of Contents
What is fluid compartment?
The intracellular fluid (ICF) compartment is the system that includes all fluid enclosed in cells by their plasma membranes. Extracellular fluid (ECF) surrounds all cells in the body.
What are the 3 compartments of the body?
There are three major fluid compartments; intravascular, interstitial, and intracellular.
How does body fluid move between compartments?
In the body, water moves through semi-permeable membranes of cells and from one compartment of the body to another by a process called osmosis. Osmosis is basically the diffusion of water from regions of higher concentration to regions of lower concentration, along an osmotic gradient across a semi-permeable membrane.
What are body fluids?
Body fluids are considered to be the interstitial fluids, saliva, tears, and gastric juices. They moisten the tissues, muscles, body organs and skin. In Chinese medicine, the production of these fluids is influenced by proper gastrointestinal function by the spleen and stomach qi.
What are the two major fluid compartments in the human body?
The body’s fluid separates into two main compartments: Intracellular fluid volume (ICFV) and extracellular fluid volume (ECFV). Of the 42L of water found in the body, two-thirds of it is within the intracellular fluid (ICF) space, which equates to 28L.
What are the two major solutes in body fluids?
In the human body, solutes vary in different parts of the body, but may include proteins—including those that transport lipids, carbohydrates, and, very importantly, electrolytes. Often in medicine, a mineral dissociated from a salt that carries an electrical charge (an ion) is called and electrolyte.
What are the key components of body fluids?
Key Points The extracellular fluid is mainly cations and anions. Plasma is mostly water and dissolved proteins, but also contains metabolic blood gasses, hormones, and glucose. The composition of transcellular fluid varies, but some of its main electrolytes include sodium ions, chloride ions, and bicarbonate ions.
What are the two extracellular fluid compartments in the body?
The extracellular fluid can be divided into two major subcompartments: interstitial fluid and blood plasma. The extracellular fluid also includes the transcellular fluid; this makes up only about 2.5% of the ECF.
What are the three types of extracellular fluid?
The extracellular fluids may be divided into three types: interstitial fluid in the “interstitial compartment” (surrounding tissue cells and bathing them in a solution of nutrients and other chemicals), blood plasma and lymph in the “intravascular compartment” (inside the blood vessels and lymphatic vessels), and small …
What are the 4 bodily fluids?
The four humors, or fluid substances, of the body were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.
Is blood an extracellular fluid?
Extracellular fluid, in biology, body fluid that is not contained in cells. It is found in blood, in lymph, in body cavities lined with serous (moisture-exuding) membrane, in the cavities and channels of the brain and spinal cord, and in muscular and other body tissues.