Table of Contents
- 1 How did Greece change after the Peloponnesian War?
- 2 Why is the Peloponnesian War significant in ancient Greek history?
- 3 What was the most significant effect of the Peloponnesian War?
- 4 Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?
- 5 Why didnt Sparta burn Athens?
- 6 How did war influence Greece?
- 7 Why did Persia declare war on Athens?
- 8 Did Sparta destroy Athens?
How did Greece change after the Peloponnesian War?
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. An even closer association with Sparta seemed the best way to remain in power, and Critias, whose loyalty to Sparta was not in doubt, became more influential.
Why is the Peloponnesian War significant in ancient Greek history?
The Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. Shattering religious and cultural taboos, devastating vast swathes of countryside, and destroying whole cities, the Peloponnesian War marked the dramatic end to the fifth century BC and the golden age of Greece.
What was the most significant effect of the Peloponnesian War?
Athens lost its empire and influence as a model of democracy was the most significant effect of the Peloponnesian War.
How did the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War affect Greek civilization?
The Greeks had combined under Sparta and Athens’ leadership to defeat the Persians, then the most powerful empire in Asia. In the aftermath of the Persian Wars, the Greeks were unable to maintain their unity. Cultural and ethnic differences were driving the Greek world apart.
Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?
Like the Athenians before the war, the Spartans believed in rule by force rather than cooperation. Sparta, however, had another motive for sparing Athens: they feared that a destroyed Athens would add to the growth in influence of Thebes, just north of Athens.
Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
Why didnt Sparta burn Athens?
As Thebes grew richer, Sparta grew more wary of accidentally creating a new powerful rival. Given Athens’ generations-old enmity towards Thebes, it would be safer for Sparta to preserve Athens as a buffer, absorbing Theban aggression and allowing for shrewd alliance politics if the need arose.
How did war influence Greece?
The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. In Greek art, there are many depictions of Greeks fighting Persians and Greek plays also feature the Persian enemy. The wars also led to a show of unity between the Greeks, which was essential to their success in defeating their enemy.
Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?
Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens’ morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.
What 5 reasons prompted the Peloponnesian War?
Thucydides on the Cause of the Peloponnesian War
- Sparta was jealous of other powers and desired more power for itself.
- Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the military glory.
- Athen bullied its allies and neutral cities.
- There was a conflict among city-states between competing political ideologies.
Why did Persia declare war on Athens?
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. Darius also saw the opportunity to extend his empire into Europe, and to secure its western frontier.
Did Sparta destroy Athens?
Sparta and its allies during the Peloponnesian War. The strategies described prevailed at the beginning of the war. Toward the end Persian intervention made possible a strong Spartan fleet that ultimately destroyed Athenian sea power.