Table of Contents
- 1 Is sputum normally considered a high risk fluid for the transmission of blood borne pathogens?
- 2 What are 3 bodily fluids that can be considered infectious?
- 3 What body fluid is the cleanest?
- 4 What is the first thing you should do if exposed to a patient’s blood or bodily fluids?
- 5 What does it mean to have blood in your sputum?
- 6 What causes an increase in the production of sputum?
Is sputum normally considered a high risk fluid for the transmission of blood borne pathogens?
These non-OPIM fluids include urine, feces, tears, nasal secretions, sputum or vomit. Even though these fluids are not associated with transmission of bloodborne pathogens unless blood is also present, care should still be taken to minimize exposure to these fluids.
What are high risk fluids?
Body fluids which constitute a higher risk of containing potential biohazards include: Human blood and blood products, including plasma, serum, and blood components. Semen and vaginal secretions. Vomit or feces.
Is sputum a body fluid?
Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.
What are 3 bodily fluids that can be considered infectious?
Potentially infectious blood and body fluids include
- fluids containing visible blood.
- vaginal secretions.
- cerebrospinal fluid.
- synovial fluid, pleural fluid.
- peritoneal fluid.
- pericardial fluid.
- amniotic fluid.
Which body fluid is most infectious?
Infection from bloodborne pathogens are most commonly associated with exposure to the following body fluids:
- Blood. This includes exposure to blood through needlesticks and sharps injuries, as well as skin and mucous membrane exposure.
- Semen and vaginal secretions.
What percentage of needlestick exposures result in HBV?
For a susceptible person, the risk from a single needlestick or cut exposure to HBV-infected blood ranges from 6-30% and depends on the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status of the source individual.
What body fluid is the cleanest?
Urine. Made of 95% water, urine flushes out chemicals and dead blood cells from the body and is a way for your body to get rid of extra water that it does not need.
What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:
- hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.
- hepatitis C – blood.
- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.
- cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.
What should you do if you are exposed to blood or body fluids?
If you are splashed with blood or body fluids and your skin has an open wound, healing sore, or scratch, wash the area well with soap and water. If you are splashed in the eyes, nose or mouth, rinse well with water. If you have been bitten, wash the wound with soap and water.
What is the first thing you should do if exposed to a patient’s blood or bodily fluids?
Wash the area with warm water and soap. If you are splashed with blood or body fluids and your skin has an open wound, healing sore, or scratch, wash the area well with soap and water. If you are splashed in the eyes, nose or mouth, rinse well with water. If you have been bitten, wash the wound with soap and water.
What are the 4 major body fluids?
Common Bodily Fluids – What Makes the List?
- Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat.
- Vaginal fluids.
What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?
Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.
What does it mean to have blood in your sputum?
Bloody sputum: Bloody sputum, even just a trace of blood tinged sputum, should always be evaluated. Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) can be serious, and is the first sign of lung cancer in 7 percent of people. Bloody sputum may also occur with a pulmonary embolism, a condition in which a blood clot in the leg breaks off and travels tot he lungs.
Can a chronic respiratory illness cause increased sputum?
With many chronic respiratory illnesses, you can have increased sputum just about all the time. You can also experience acute flare-ups at times, with even more sputum than usual. Even when you have healthy lungs, you can temporarily have excess sputum during a respiratory illness.
Why is it important to have a sputum exam?
Sputum examination is an important aid in the diagnosis of pneumonia: color, amount, consistency, and odor. Mucopurulent sputum is commonly found in bacterial pneumonia or bronchitis.
What causes an increase in the production of sputum?
Some conditions that result in increased production of sputum include: Chronic bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis results in increased sputum, and in fact, the criteria for a diagnosis of chronic bronchitis includes a daily cough productive of sputum 4