Table of Contents
What are 3 common causes of choking?
Common causes of choking include:
- Trying to swallow large pieces of poorly chewed food.
- Drinking alcohol before or during meals. (Alcohol dulls the nerves that aid swallowing.)
- Wearing dentures.
- Eating while talking excitedly or laughing, or eating too fast.
- Walking, playing or running with food or objects in the mouth.
What are the three steps if someone is choking?
Step-by-step instructions if you’re choking:
- Cough it up. The cough reflex is most effective for dislodging an object from your airway.
- Call 911. Call 911 and leave your phone on, even if you can’t talk.
- Begin the self-Heimlich maneuver or abdominal thrusts.
What are 5 signs of choking?
Struggling to Breathe If you notice a person having difficulty breathing, they may be choking. Other signs include gagging, wheezing, and coughing. If the object is completely blocking their airway, they may not be able to talk or breath at all. Infants may have a weak cry or cough or suddenly go silent.
How do you prevent choking?
How to Avoid Choking
- Don’t offer small, hard foods to children younger than three or four years of age.
- Don’t feed slippery foods to kids under age four.
- Chop foods into small pieces.
- Watch out for sticky foods.
- Be careful with nut butters.
- Avoid propping your baby’s bottle.
- Offer appropriate foods.
What is the risk of choking?
Examples of choking risks include: food items like lollies, marshmallows, raw apples, pieces of meat (including chicken and fish), nuts, raw carrots, uncooked peas, seeds (including popcorn kernels), grapes, fruit pips and stones, hot dogs and sausages.
What is the first thing to do when someone is choking?
Learn first aid for someone who is choking
- If someone is choking, encourage them to cough.
- Bend them forwards and give up to 5 back blows to try and dislodge the blockage.
- If they are still choking, give up to 5 abdominal thrusts: hold around the waist and pull inwards and upwards above their belly button.
What do if someone is choking?
- Give 5 back blows. Stand to the side and just behind a choking adult. For a child, kneel down behind.
- Give 5 abdominal thrusts. Perform five abdominal thrusts (also known as the Heimlich maneuver).
- Alternate between 5 blows and 5 thrusts until the blockage is dislodged.
Can you talk if you are choking?
Severe choking: back blows and abdominal thrusts Where choking is severe, the person won’t be able to speak, cry, cough or breathe. Without help, they’ll eventually become unconscious.
What food causes the most choking?
Hard candy causes the most choking episodes, followed by other candy, tough or large chunks of meat and bones. Other high-risk foods are hot dogs, seeds and nuts.
Can you talk while choking?
But when someone is truly choking it means the food or object is completely blocking the airway and air cannot flow into and out of the lungs. The person cannot cough the object out and cannot breathe, talk, or even make noise.
How do you relieve choking?
Severe choking: back blows and abdominal thrusts
- Stand behind them and slightly to one side. Support their chest with 1 hand.
- Give up to 5 sharp blows between their shoulder blades with the heel of your hand.
- Check if the blockage has cleared.
- If not, give up to 5 abdominal thrusts.
Should you drink water when choking?
Try to cough as forcefully as possible, like you do when you’re trying to hack up mucus when you’re sick. Don’t drink any water to try forcing the food down—that can actually make it worse, Dr. Bradley notes.