What are topographic maps used for?

What are topographic maps used for?

Topographic maps are a detailed record of a land area, giving geographic positions and elevations for both natural and man-made features. They show the shape of the land the mountains, valleys, and plains by means of brown contour lines (lines of equal elevation above sea level).

What is the difference between a geographic and topographic map?

The geological map is not only composed of shapes and figures, but is also colored in various shades to depict certain areas. On the other hand, the topographical map is a mass of lines and curves with very little colors to separate one land area from another.

What is topographic map in geography?

A topographic map is a map that represents the locations of geographical features. Furthermore, these geographical features can be mountains, valleys, plain surfaces, water bodies and many more. Topographic maps refer to a graphical representation of the three-dimensional configuration of the surface of the Earth.

What are the 4 main uses of topographic maps?

Topographic maps have many multiple uses in the present day: any type of geographic planning or large-scale architecture; earth sciences and many other geographic disciplines; mining and other earth-based endeavours; civil engineering and recreational uses such as hiking and orienteering.

How accurate are topographic maps?

Turns out, USGS topo maps use the National Map Accuracy Standards. This means that 90 percent of the horizontal points tested by field survey teams are accurate to within 40 feet. Vertical points, to within half a contour line, or five feet, based on standard 7.5 minute, 10-foot contour lines.

What does a cliff look like on a topographic map?

On a map look for two hill tops or just two pieces of higher ground with a low point between them. On the map, look for a place where contour lines become very close together to the point where you can’t tell one from the next. This indicates an extremely steep slope and is the tell tale sign of a cliff.

Do topographic maps show rock types?


  • Topographic maps reveal the shape of a landscape. Elevations indicate height above sea level.
  • Contour lines are lines of equal elevation. Contour intervals are the difference in elevation between two contour lines.
  • Geologic maps show rock units and geologic features, like faults and folds.

What are the four main uses of topographic maps?

What are examples of topography?

What are examples of topography? Examples include mountains, hills, valleys, lakes, oceans, rivers, cities, dams, and roads. Elevation – The elevation, or height, of mountains and other objects, is recorded as part of the topography. It is usually recorded in reference to sea level (the surface of the ocean).

How deep should a well be for drinking water?

In order to allow for maximum ground filtration to remove impurities, your well depth should be at least 100 feet. As a general rule, the deeper you drill, it’s more likely that there will be minerals present.

How do I find the water table to my house?

The most reliable method of obtaining the depth to the water table at any given time is to measure the water level in a shallow well with a tape. If no wells are available, surface geophysical methods can sometimes be used, depending on surface accessibility for placing electric or acoustic probes.