Table of Contents
What causes biodiversity to increase?
The various factors that influence biodiversity include -temperature, altitude, precipitation, soils, and their relation with other species. For instance, ocean biodiversity is 25 times lesser than terrestrial diversity. Biodiversity also increases its form as it moves from the poles towards the tropics.
Why does biodiversity increase near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Where does biodiversity generally increase?
Generally, there is an increase in biodiversity from the poles to the tropics. Thus localities at lower latitudes have more species than localities at higher latitudes. This is often referred to as the latitudinal gradient in species diversity.
Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?
Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.
What are the 5 factors that affect biodiversity?
Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution (CF4, C3, C4.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other.
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem.
- Ecosystem Diversity.
- Functional Diversity.
What is the greatest threat to biodiversity?
The greatest of all threats to Earth’s biodiversity, however, is deforestation. While deforestation threatens ecosystems across the globe, it’s particularly destructive to tropical rainforests.
What happens when biodiversity increases?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is usually explored at three levels – genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. These three levels work together to create the complexity of life on Earth.
What are three benefits of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.
What typically increases species richness?
Species richness typically increases as one moves towards the equator. Which group of organisms is the most important in terms of contributing the most species to global biodiversity?
What are the 4 factors that affect biodiversity?
Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution (CF4, C3, C4. 3, S7).