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What did the HMS Endeavour discover?
On 15 August, Endeavour finally turned south to explore the open ocean for Terra Australis Incognita. In October 1769, Endeavour reached the coastline of New Zealand, becoming the first European vessel to do so since Abel Tasman’s Heemskerck in 1642.
What was the Endeavour secret mission?
The secret mission was to locate and claim the great southern landmass, so-called Terra Australis Incognita (‘unknown land of the South’), for the British crown and secure any other territories they found along the way which could be useful to the Empire.
Has the Endeavour been found?
After a 20-year search for the final resting place of Captain James Cook’s famous ship HMB Endeavour, maritime archaeologists are finally closing in on its wreck in the US state of Rhode Island.
What did Captain Cook discover?
Who Was James Cook? James Cook was a naval captain, navigator and explorer who, in 1770, charted New Zealand and the Great Barrier Reef of Australia on his ship HMB Endeavour. He later disproved the existence of Terra Australis, a fabled southern continent.
Where is the Endeavour ship now?
It sailed around the world in the 1700s and is considered one of the most famous research ships. One of the most famous science research ships in history — the Endeavour, commanded by Lieut. James Cook on his first voyage around the world — is now thought to lie at the bottom of Newport Harbor in Rhode Island.
Did the Endeavour sink?
The Endeavour was purchased by the British Navy in 1768 for a scientific mission to the Pacific Ocean. In April 1770, Endeavour became the first ship to reach the east coast of mainland Australia. Cook landed at the site now known as Botany Bay. The ship was sunk during a blockade off Rhode Island in 1778.
What did James Cook discover on his second voyage?
Homeward voyage After passing Cape Horn, Cook explored the vast South Atlantic looking for another coastline that had been predicted by Dalrymple. When this failed to materialize they turned north and discovered an island that they named South Georgia.
Who found Australia first?
explorer Willem Janszoon
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
What is the difference between Endeavour and Endeavor?
Even though their meanings are almost identical, here are the slight differences you should remember in order to use these words correctly: “endeavor” is the US spelling, only used as a verb, whereas “endeavour” is the UK spelling that can be used both as a verb and as a noun.
What happened to the real Endeavour?
The Endeavour was sold in 1775 and renamed Lord Sandwich 2. It was hired as a British troop transport during the American War of Independence. The ship was sunk during a blockade off Rhode Island in 1778.
What did James Cook discover on his first voyage?
Exploring different bays and rivers along the way Cook circumnavigated New Zealand and was the first to accurately chart the whole of the coastline. He discovered that New Zealand consisted of two main islands, north (Te Ika a Maui) and south (Te Wai Pounamu) islands (October 1769-March 1770).
How long was Captain Cook’s second voyage?
The second voyage of James Cook, from 1772 to 1775, commissioned by the British government with advice from the Royal Society, was designed to circumnavigate the globe as far south as possible to finally determine whether there was any great southern landmass, or Terra Australis.