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What does defenders of the kingdom mean?
officials who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius; called “defenders of the kingdom” Spartans. conquered neighboring lands when they wanted to expand. strait. narrow body of water with land on both sides.
What type of military did ancient Greece have?
The ancient Greek city-states developed a military formation called the phalanx, which were rows of shoulder-to-shoulder hoplites. The Hoplites would lock their shields together, and the first few ranks of soldiers would project their spears out over the first rank of shields.
What were Greek soldiers called?
Ancient Greek soldiers were called hoplites. Hoplites had to provide their own armor, so only wealthier Greeks could be one. They had an attendant, either a slave or a poorer citizen, to help carry their equipment.
What Polis had the strongest navy?
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
What are ordinary citizens in the army?
An army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers. 2. A military force that is not part of a regular army and is subject to call for service in an emergency. 3. The whole body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service.
Why did Sparta joined with Athens?
Sparta joined with Athens because Sparta was too weak to confront the Persians alone.
What was the biggest Greek war?
The Peloponnesian War
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.
Who was the greatest of the Greek warriors?
In Greek mythology, Achilles was the strongest warrior and hero in the Greek army during the Trojan War. He was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidons, and Thetis, a sea nymph. The story of Achilles appears in Homer’s Iliad and elsewhere.
What is the most famous Greek war?
Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?
The Greek myth that ancient Spartans threw their stunted and sickly newborns off a cliff was not corroborated by archaeological digs in the area, researchers said Monday. “It is probably a myth, the ancient sources of this so-called practice were rare, late and imprecise,” he added.
Who had a navy Athens or Sparta?
Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand.
What is a group of Spartans called?
Spartan Society The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.