What happens during a clonic tonic seizure?

What happens during a clonic tonic seizure?

A tonic-clonic seizure usually begins on both sides of the brain, but can start in one side and spread to the whole brain. A person loses consciousness, muscles stiffen, and jerking movements are seen. These types of seizures usually last 1 to 3 minutes and take longer for a person to recover.

What do Tonic seizures do?

A tonic seizure causes a sudden stiffness or tension in the muscles of the arms, legs or trunk. The stiffness lasts about 20 seconds and is most likely to happen during sleep. Tonic seizures that occur while the person is standing may cause them to fall. After the seizure, the person may feel tired or confused.

What triggers tonic seizures?

Common triggers for tonic seizures may include stress, lack of sleep, waking up, missed medications, drinking alcohol/alcohol withdrawal, some medications, illegal drug use, menstrual cycle or other hormonal changes, and others.

What are the 4 stages of a tonic-clonic seizure?

In addition to these categorizations, there are four distinct phases of seizures: prodromal, early ictal (the “aura”), ictal, and post-ictal.

Is tonic-clonic seizure curable?

Tonic-clonic seizures tend to resolve on their own. If the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes, it’s considered a medical emergency. Call 911 or your local emergency services.

What is the best medicine for tonic-clonic seizures?

The agents used for tonic-clonic seizures include anticonvulsants such as valproate, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, felbamate, topiramate, zonisamide, clobazam, and perampanel.

Can tonic-clonic seizures be fatal?

It is possible to die from a tonic-clonic seizure. For example, some people may fatally injure themselves while having a seizure, or they may drown if they have a seizure in water.

What should you not do during a tonic-clonic seizure?

Do not hold the person down or try to stop his or her movements.

  • Do not put anything in the person’s mouth. This can injure teeth or the jaw.
  • Do not try to give mouth-to-mouth breaths (like CPR).
  • Do not offer the person water or food until he or she is fully alert.
  • How long do tonic-clonic seizures last?

    Tonic-clonic seizures last between one and three minutes. Any seizure lasting longer than 5 minutes will need medical attention.

    Do tonic-clonic seizures cause brain damage?

    Usually, a seizure does not cause any lasting damage to the brain. However, having many seizures, or having seizures that are particularly severe, may cause a person to become more forgetful or find it difficult to concentrate.

    Can tonic-clonic seizures be cured?

    What happens after a tonic-clonic seizure?

    After a tonic-clonic seizure, you might have a headache and feel sore, tired and very unwell. You might feel confused, or have memory problems. You might go into a deep sleep. When you wake up, minutes or hours later, you might still have a headache, feel sore and have aching muscles.