What is it called when a court can hear a case?

What is it called when a court can hear a case?

jurisdiction – (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. Some issues can be heard in both state and federal courts.

What is the term for a court hearing a case for the first time?

The arraignment is the first time the defendant appears in court. At the arraignment, the judge tells the defendant: • What the charges are, • What his or her constitutional rights are, and.

What types of cases are there in court?

Trial Courts

  • All criminal cases (felonies, misdemeanors, and traffic tickets)
  • All civil cases (family law, probate, juvenile, and other civil cases)
  • Appeals of small claims cases and other civil cases worth $25,000 or less.
  • Appeals of misdemeanor cases.

What are the steps of a court case?


  • Charging.
  • Initial Hearing/Arraignment.
  • Discovery.
  • Plea Bargaining.
  • Preliminary Hearing.
  • Pre-Trial Motions.
  • Trial.
  • What is a court proceeding called?

    Action: Also called a case or lawsuit. A civil judicial proceeding where one party sues another for a wrong done, or to protect a right or to prevent a wrong. Adjournment: Postponement of a court session until another time or place. Adjudication: A decision or sentence imposed by a judge.

    What words do lawyers use?

    7 words and phrases only lawyers understand

    • Wobbler. YouTube/SpB2Studios.
    • Recess. ABC.
    • Tort. Wikimedia Commons.
    • Upstanding. Universal Pictures.
    • ‘Religion loves SEX’ Win McNamee/Getty Images.
    • Therefor. Shutterstock.
    • Administratrix, executrix, prosecutrix, and testatrix. Shutterstock.

    Does an arraignment mean your going to jail?

    At arraignments, people are taken into custody for 3 reasons: A Judge Orders Bail. In most cases, as we have our clients prearrange and qualify for bail, posting bail takes about 2-4 hours to post and then however long it takes the local jail to process you and release you.

    What cases go to district court?

    The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal judiciary. Both civil and criminal cases are filed in district courts, each of which is a court of law, equity, and admiralty. There is a United States bankruptcy court associated with each United States district court.

    What are the two kinds of legal cases?

    Civil and Criminal Cases The law deals with two kinds of cases.

    What are the 7 steps of a trial?

    7 Stages To A Criminal Trial

    • Voir Dire. Voir Dire is a fancy French word used to name jury selection.
    • Opening Statement. After the jury is empaneled, the trial will begin with opening statements.
    • State’s Case in Chief.
    • The Defense Case.
    • State’s Rebuttal.
    • Closing Arguments.
    • Verdict.

    What is a judge’s decision called?

    In law, a judgment, also spelled judgement, is a decision of a court regarding the rights and liabilities of parties in a legal action or proceeding.

    What is it called when you are questioned by an attorney?

    Search Legal Terms and Definitions short for “leading the witness,” in which the attorney during a trial or deposition asks questions in a form in which he/she puts words in the mouth of the witness or suggests the answer.