Table of Contents
What is the function of the sternocleidomastoid?
Function. Rotation of the head to the opposite side or obliquely rotate the head. It also flexes the neck. When acting together it flexes the neck and extends the head.
What does sternocleidomastoid muscle mean?
Sternocleidomastoid is the most superficial and largest muscle in the front portion of the neck. It is also known as SCM or Sternomastoid or Sterno muscle. The name has the origin of the Latin words: sternon = chest; cleido=clavicle and the Greek words: mastos= breast and eidos=shape, form.
Where is the sternocleidomastoid located and what is its function?
The sternocleidomastoid is a superficially located neck muscle that plays an important role in tilting your head and turning your neck, as well as other things. It courses from the back of your head and attaches to your breastbone and collar bone.
Why is it called sternocleidomastoid?
The sternocleidomastoid is innervated by the accessory nerve. It is given the name sternocleidomastoid because it originates at the manubrium of the sternum (sterno-) and the clavicle (cleido-) and has an insertion at the mastoid process of the temporal bone of the skull.
How do I loosen my Sternocleidomastoid?
Reach your hands behind your back and grasp your left wrist with your right hand. Gently pull your left arm down and tilt your head to the right side until you feel a light stretch in your neck. Hold this stretch for 15 to 30 seconds. Repeat this stretch three times on each side.
What does Sternocleidomastoid pain feel like?
Sternocleidomastoid pain symptoms You may experience pain in your sinuses, forehead, or near your eyebrows. Dull, aching pain may be accompanied by feelings of tightness or pressure. Turning or tilting your head may cause sharp pain. More serious injuries may involve swelling, redness, and bruising.
Why is my SCM muscle swollen?
Unilateral diffuse or localized enlargement of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) is an event commonly seen in infancy, and is popularly known as ‘sternocleidomastoid tumor’. The condition, which usually spontaneously resolves with or without physiotherapy, is due to a hematoma following a difficult labor.
What does sternocleidomastoid pain feel like?
How should I sleep with Sternocleidomastoid pain?
If you’re dealing with neck discomfort, the best positions for sleep are on your back or side. These are both less stressful on your spine than sleeping on your stomach. It may be difficult to change your sleeping position, since your preferred position is often determined early in life.