What is the process of mitochondrion?

What is the process of mitochondrion?

Known as the “powerhouses of the cell,” mitochondria produce the energy necessary for the cell’s survival and functioning. Through a series of chemical reactions, mitochondria break down glucose into an energy molecule known as adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is used to fuel various other cellular processes.

What process is mitochondrion responsible for?

Mitochondria play a critical role in the generation of metabolic energy in eukaryotic cells. As reviewed in Chapter 2, they are responsible for most of the useful energy derived from the breakdown of carbohydrates and fatty acids, which is converted to ATP by the process of oxidative phosphorylation.

What is the name of the process that occurs in a cell’s mitochondria?

Respiration happens in mitochondria within cells.

What is the diagram of mitochondria?

Mitochondria are a double-membrane-bound cell organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms. In all living cells, these cell organelles are found freely floating within the cytoplasm of the cell. The diagram of Mitochondria is useful for both Class 10 and 12.

What are the parts of mitochondrion?

The structure of mitochondria

  • Outer membrane: Small molecules can pass freely through the outer membrane.
  • Intermembrane space: This is the area between the inner and outer membranes.
  • Inner membrane: This membrane holds proteins that have several roles.
  • Cristae: These are the folds of the inner membrane.

Is the powerhouse of cell?

The mitochondria, often labeled the powerhouse of the cell, are the organelle responsible for energy production within the cell. Playing an important role in cellular respiration, the mitochondria are the main location for ATP production.

Which cell is responsible for energy?

Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

What is mitochondria class 9th?

Mitochondria are round “tube-like” organelles that provide energy to a cell in the form of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) for performing different chemical activities for the sustainance of life.

What is synthesis of ATP?

ATP synthesis involves the transfer of electrons from the intermembrane space, through the inner membrane, back to the matrix. The combination of the two components provides sufficient energy for ATP to be made by the multienzyme Complex V of the mitochondrion, more generally known as ATP synthase. …

What is plastid diagram?

Plastid is a double membrane-bound organelle involved in the synthesis and storage of food, commonly found within the cells of photosynthetic plants. Plastids were discovered and named by Ernst Haeckel, but A. F. W.

What is the function of mitochondria draw a well Labelled diagram?

Function. The most prominent roles of mitochondria are to produce the energy currency of the cell, ATP (i.e., phosphorylation of ADP), through respiration, and to regulate cellular metabolism. The central set of reactions involved in ATP production are collectively known as the citric acid cycle, or the Krebs cycle.

What is the structure of ER?

The general structure of the endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes called cisternae. These sac-like structures are held together by the cytoskeleton. The phospholipid membrane encloses the cisternal space (or lumen), which is continuous with the perinuclear space but separate from the cytosol.