Table of Contents
What is Yersinia pestis common name?
Identification: Yersinia pestis, or plague, is a zoonotic bacterial infection transmitted by way of the flea parasite.
How is Alexandre Yersin related to the plague?
The modern history of plague began in 1894, when Alexandre Yersin isolated the causative bacterium in culture and identified it under the microscope. This event allowed laboratory confirmation for accurate diagnoses.
What are the three types of Yersinia pestis?
Plague is divided into three main types — bubonic, septicemic and pneumonic — depending on which part of your body is involved. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of plague.
Why was Pasteurella pestis renamed?
Kitasato Shibasaburō, a Japanese bacteriologist who practised Koch’s methodology, was also engaged at the time in finding the causative agent of the plague. However, Yersin actually linked plague with a bacillus, initially named Pasteurella pestis; it was renamed Yersinia pestis in 1944.
Is the Black plague still around?
An outbreak of the bubonic plague in China has led to worry that the “Black Death” could make a significant return. But experts say the disease isn’t nearly as deadly as it was, thanks to antibiotics.
Is there a cure for Yersinia pestis?
Aminoglycosides: streptomycin and gentamicin Streptomycin is the most effective antibiotic against Y. pestis and the drug of choice for treatment of plague, particularly the pneumonic form (2-6).
Who found medicine for plague?
Swiss-born Alexandre Yersin joined the Institut Pasteur in 1885 aged just 22 and worked under Émile Roux. He discovered the plague bacillus in Hong Kong.
What ended the Black plague?
1346 – 1352
What is Black Death virus?
Bubonic plague is an infection spread mostly to humans by infected fleas that travel on rodents. Called the Black Death, it killed millions of Europeans during the Middle Ages. Prevention doesn’t include a vaccine, but does involve reducing your exposure to mice, rats, squirrels and other animals that may be infected.
Can Yersinia pestis be killed?
Several antibiotics are effective for treatment, including streptomycin, gentamicin, and doxycycline. Without treatment, plague results in the death of 30% to 90% of those infected. Death, if it occurs, is typically within 10 days. With treatment, the risk of death is around 10%.
How did the Black Death End?
The most popular theory of how the plague ended is through the implementation of quarantines. The uninfected would typically remain in their homes and only leave when it was necessary, while those who could afford to do so would leave the more densely populated areas and live in greater isolation.
Is Black Death a virus?