# What particles are far apart and have lots of energy?

## What particles are far apart and have lots of energy?

Gas – In a gas, particles are in continual straight-line motion. The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other.

What particles have more energy than the other states of matter?

All particles have energy, and the energy varies depending on the temperature the sample of matter is in, which determines if the substance is a solid, liquid, or gas. Solid particles have the least amount of energy, and gas particles have the greatest amount of energy.

What particles are farther apart?

Gas � In a gas, particles are in continual straight-line motion. The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other.

### What state of matter do particles have most energy?

gas
Particle arrangement and movement In terms of relative energy, gas particles have the most energy, solid particles have the least energy and liquid particles are somewhere in between. (All compared at the same temperature.)

What is the transition from a solid to a gas called?

Under certain conditions, some solids turn straight into a gas when heated. This process is called sublimation. A good example is solid carbon dioxide, also called ‘dry ice’. At atmospheric pressure, it turns straight into gaseous carbon dioxide.

Which state of matter has the most energy and why?

The gas state of matter has the most energy because of how freely the molecules move. Matter is a physical substance of which there are three, and they are solid, liquid, and gas. Solid matter is very compact with the particles very close together and not much movement; therefore, no action, no energy.

#### Which state of matter has particles that vibrate in place?

solid
gas vibrate and move freely at high speeds. liquid vibrate, move about, and slide past each other. solid vibrate (jiggle) but generally do not move from place to place.

Why do particles vibrate when heated?

When a solid is heated the particles gain energy and start to vibrate faster and faster. Initially the structure is gradually weakened which has the effect of expanding the solid. Further heating provides more energy until the particles start to break free of the structure.

Which state of matter Cannot be compressed?

Solids: have a fixed shape and cannot flow, because their particles cannot move from place to place. cannot be compressed (squashed), because their particles are close together and have no space to move into.