Table of Contents
- 1 Why do cells differ within the same organism?
- 2 How are cells of the same organism genetically different?
- 3 In what ways are cells differ?
- 4 Why cells do not have exactly the same structure?
- 5 Do all cells have the same function explain?
- 6 What if cells were all the same?
- 7 Why are cells in the same organism different?
- 8 Are there any cells in the body that have the same DNA?
Why do cells differ within the same organism?
The cell types in a multicellular organism become different from one another because they synthesize and accumulate different sets of RNA and protein molecules. They generally do this without altering the sequence of their DNA.
How are cells of the same organism genetically different?
Since biochemical function is determined largely by specific enzymes (proteins), different sets of genes must be turned on and off in the various cell types. This is how cells differentiate. More recently, DNA arrays and gene chips offer the opportunity to rapidly screen all gene activity of an organism.
What is identical in every cell of an organism?
Almost all of the cells in your body share the same DNA as was found in that first cell*. This information is stored in the over 20,000 human genes found in almost all your cells. To get at the information, a gene must be turned on (expressed) and the information turned into something useful, a protein.
Why are all cells not the same?
In order for cells to become whole organisms, they must divide and differentiate. Cells divide all the time. That means that just one cell, a fertilized egg, is able to become the trillions of cells that make up your body, just by dividing. Those trillions of cells are not all the same though.
In what ways are cells differ?
Barring a few exceptions, all cells contain exactly the same genetic information, but they differentiate according to the role they are required to play in the body; less specialised cells become more specialised according to the genes being expressed. Stems cell cans differentiate into any other kind of cell.
Why cells do not have exactly the same structure?
Differentiation is Different In order for cells to become whole organisms, they must divide and differentiate. That means that just one cell, a fertilized egg, is able to become the trillions of cells that make up your body, just by dividing. Those trillions of cells are not all the same though.
Do all cells have the same DNA explain?
Nearly every cell in a person’s body has the same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA).
In what way are all cells basically the same?
all living cells arise from pre-existing cells by division, energy flow (metabolism and biochemistry) occurs within cells, cells contain hereditary information (DNA) which is passed from cell to cell during cell division, all cells are basically the same in chemical composition in organisms of similar species.
Do all cells have the same function explain?
Cells have many parts, each with a different function. Some of these parts, called organelles, are specialized structures that perform certain tasks within the cell.
What if cells were all the same?
If all the cells of our body were of the same size, shape and volume, then they would all perform the same function and the multitude of other important functions cannot be carried out, without which human life itself would not be possible.
Why do all somatic cells have the same DNA?
All somatic cells contain the same genome, but they don’t necessarily all use the same genes. They have the same genome because they all derive from the zygote at fertilization, or the creation of a human life.
Are all cells are basically the same in chemical composition in organisms of similar species?
all known living things are made up of one or more cells, all living cells arise from pre-existing cells by division, the cell is the fundamental unit of structure and function in all living organisms, all cells are basically the same in chemical composition in organisms of similar species.
Why are cells in the same organism different?
All the cells contain the same genetic material and all of them are from one original cell that started as a fertilized egg, but they look different and act different from one another. This is differentiation. Scientists still do not understand perfectly why cells in the same organism decide to differentiate.
Are there any cells in the body that have the same DNA?
All cells in a person’s body have the same DNA (with some exceptions). Does Every Cell in the Human Body Contain the Same DNA? With few exceptions, all cells in a person’s body have the same DNA and genes. As cells divide and grow different genes are expressed, resulting in different cell types.
Is it true that all cells on Earth are the same?
In general, the same is true for all cell-based life on earth.  All cells start as one cell, the fertilized egg created from your mother’s egg and a father’s sperm.
How many types of cells are there in the human body?
When sets of genes are expressed they create one of 200 different types of cells. Each cell type makes a set of 100,000 or so different proteins made up of 20 amino acids. These proteins, along with the cells, perform most functions in a human body.